I wanted to learn about design patterns a few years ago when I was trying to write object oriented code and to use best practices. I had to try this book a few times to understand what it was saying. In fact I had to read the Head First: Design Patterns and then come back to this book. Now that I am a bit more mature in OOP I can go back to this book and understand the different patterns. This book is written for the "Smalltalk MVC" text based language. So, you need to translate for LabVIEW.
This book establishes the vocabulary for talking about patterns and names the patterns.
Patterns covered include:
Creational Patterns like abstract factory, builder, factory, singleton
Structural Patterns like Adapter, Bridge, Facade, Proxy
Behavioural Patterns like Command, Observer, Strategy
These are at this point (book was written in 1994) long standing standards.
I would caution that a programmer needs to do some OO Analysis and Design before just trying to use design patterns.