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Efficient Wireless Data Transfer for Realtime Greenhouse Management Using IEEE 802.15.4/zigbee protocol for Student Design Competition 2013

Contact Information

University: Dr. N. G. P Institute of Technology


Team Members (with a year of graduation) and (with year of graduation 2013):

PRAVEEN KUMAR N & TEAM


(1) ABDUL WAHAB,  (2) N.PRAVEEN KUMAR, (3) S.SHIBI PRASANNA, (4) P.PRADEEP.

Faculty Advisers: Ms K.KOTHAVARI


Email Address:

meetnpraveenkumar@gmail.com

Submission Language: English

Project Information

Title: Efficient Wireless Data Transfer for Realtime Greenhouse Management Using IEEE 802.15.4/ZigBEE protocol

Description:


        In our day to day life agriculture plays a vital role, the quality and cost are the major problem in food products, there is a greater demand for food product due to drastic population growth, our world population is expected to reach 9.1 billion people by 2050, Agricultural and power production demand increases rapidly (survey by MICCA). The environmental issues such as temperature, humidity, soil and pest are the factors affect the crop growth and productivity up to 30% (IFPRI).The Greenhouse with an perfect control system helps to over come this problem.

Products

SOFTWARE:

  • LabVIEW 12 SP1
  • Lab VIEW VISA
  • Multiuse( Circuit simulation software)

HARDWARE:

  • Microcontroller(pic16F877A)
  • LM35 (temp sensor)
  • Humidity sensor HSY220 sensor.
  • Soil moisture node (Conductivity rod ).
  • ZigBee Transceiver (CC2500).
  • Solar panel(16W) and battery (6v).
  • Actuators(motor, water jetter, heat blower, sprinkler and cooler/exhaust fan )

The Challenge

Challenge is to make a controlled algorithm to maintain the indoor environment without any effect by external condition for different types of crops without any physical interuption by user . The precise controlling of indoor climatic is a main challenge in green house management.

The limitations are large green house structures should be used for improved climatic control. Initial implementation cost is high because of actuators used. 

In Research application,case study can be done for different climatic condition for specific species of crop. hence the rate of vegitation can be enormously developed, so a data base management is done with the help of LabVIEW11 hece a user can retrive and analyse the data at any time.

The Solution

With the help of virtual tool such as LabVIEW, embedded with sensors, the proposed design is to measure, acquire and control user required parameter. An autonomous system contribute improved and constant yield.

Autonomous system which is proposed is an embedded control system.  The system can run independently without any external power supply for a 6-8 month using solar energy.

System maintains stable climatic condition which helps in improving the growth rate of the crop. Each plant has certain parametric set values which can be predefined by user in the virtual software. Thus LabVIEW is programmed such that the constant condition is maintained with the help of actuators such as Heaters, Humidifiers, and Sprinklers etc.., IEEE802.15.4/ZigBee does the wireless communication between greenhouse nodes and remote monitoring node.

Pests and pathogens are controlled by changing the temperature of the chamber and also through water jetting. By controlling the temperature, growth of the pests can be reduced.

To have effective energy harvesting, two solar panels (WE-1) is coupled with the nodal block which makes system works independently.The estimated power consumption of each (electronic node)EN in peak sunlight the amount of energy harvested for a 16W solar panel produces 16W/hr. for 1000W panel harvested 1000W/hr with respect to area.

Here a 6V battery connected with 16W solar panel is more sufficient to maintain the node block power, hence battery never get down.

WORKING & RESULTS:

                  Here i have shown,the overall arrangement of the approach, which are clearly taged.

1.over all design.jpg

          The hardware of the node unit, this is placed inside the chamber.

3.node unit.jpg

     corresponding test results of node unit(the LM35 & HSY-220 sensor output):

                                                        The vrms is the output value

4.1test.jpg

                    SOIL MOISTURE UNIT output:

soilmot0.bmp

PC UNIT:

               As per the flow these node unit data, is transmitted to PC unit to Labview via serial communication.

4.pc unit.jpg

LabVIEW Front panel:

                    Data are collected from each node, displayed and controlled respectively with the input.

6.fp.jpg

Control Unit:

               hardware of control unit is shown, each actuators are controlled with the obtained value.

5.control unit.jpg

Data Sheet:

     sequence of data is stored in an spread sheet, this is used for DBMS, for future reference and analysis this is used.

7.data.jpg

Plot From the obtained data:

               from the data sheet, the corresponding plots where made for each parameter.

8.results.jpg

     Green house chamber implemented:

                              A test chamber(10*10*12ft), system is successfully implemented.

2.gh.jpg

Applications:


This system can also be applicable for outdoor agricultural monitoring, Irrigation management and solar dryer controlling. It has a feasible form of applications such as monitoring industrial environment (such as highly dangerous chemical factory monitoring) . Depending up on the application the actuators can be added or replaced for precise controlling of the parameters.

FESIBILITY: The overall cost will be around Rs8,000, which will be more usefull to low level and medium level farmers and it can be easily implemented and programable. This approach will leads to next generation of green House farming, This can be Comertialized and upgraded depending on the needs of the farmer. These are the Economic and Technical Fesibility of the concept.

Others, please see the attached files, i have described testing and results breifly.

Video Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F4BJC9u_73k&feature=youtu.be

Comments
NPK
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Remote monitoring and environment controlling of agriculture green house chamber is achieved and this prototype is deployed in the video.

This system is more feasible and more reliable for all farmers.

by maintaining climatic condition high yield can be obtain, the graphical LabVIEW interface displays data and its stored in excel sheet it is used for case study purpose.

this system can be implemented in areas where it is very rare to vegetate and extreme cold regions.

new video:   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7FLyk08vGb0&feature=youtu.be

niyantra12 video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rw65t4XT5fA

ece123
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good work, and all the best.

ece123
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adopting new technologies in agriculture is very important now a days, this makes a benchmark for future agriculture.

muthu7654
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i am very happy that your team is doing fine, keep it up , and present well ..... all the best...

rahulmur
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develop this concept, make it as comertial .....

subaashtiru
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good luck tsf....

mithunece
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nice work , upload pictures and the paper u have published yaar.....

NPK
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thank you all for supporting me, ill do my very best..

narmatha
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gud luck bro....

sandy7573
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all the best to your team. perform well

NPK
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pdp
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Nice idea...... is this reliable ????

RAGUNATH
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Good Al te best.................

guru1238
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good boyz......................

NPK
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yes it is very much reliable to medium level and low level farmers and user can easy understand the concept.....

Yohi1
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REally inspiring

VIJAYANTONY
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Wonderfull Project for real time Implementation

SatheeshPSG
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A gud try.. Should be appreciated and also to be applauded.. All the best guys!!!

sanshivan
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now-a-days there are less people who take project in this AGRI Field, so i appreciate your team to choose this field and idea.

diliptamil
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it will be useful for the future enhancement in agriculture. nice work.

AadeshK
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This will be an inspiration for others who would like to carry out their project in agriculture. All the Best guys.

StarAG
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Excellent project! Hope you win the competition!

subaash44
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Good Work da...Hope you will win this competition,all the best!

DilipCool
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Excellent Work,.!! Best of Luck!!

SSP110
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NICE WORK..........ALL THE BEST

abh
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Very good keep it up

Arundoss
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All the best. New idea !

gha
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Good Work Guys!

dgf
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Best of Luck guys

abrahamabrahama
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One of the excellent Agriculture-based Projects! Awesome! All the best!

ArunGaneshU
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May Allah bless you with good projects like this! Insah Allah!

sang11
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goog wor da.nice keep it up. all the very best

GovindaGovinda
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Ealu kondalavana! Venkataramana! Govinda Govinda! Project chaala baaga undhi baava gaaru... All the best mee manchi friend thegara undi!

Silksmitha
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Innovative!

davidthanksgod
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Ei thumara project ko bahooth acha hein!

raindropsareawe
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One of the new inventions! Jai Jakkamma!

PommieMbangwa
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The thinking is awesome maan!

DanielWDolothy
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Iznenađujuće projekt! Neka vas Bog blagoslovi!

sukanesh
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All the best guys

varun1990
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Keep going guys... good work

pooneshthemeow
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A cat cant live without milk. Same way, an Engineer cannot live without his project! Hats off to you!

McLaughlindanny
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Hey dude! What an awesssssome project maaan! Its raining in Guam when I see your project explanation. Very good video maan. You hit your project like Gayle hit 6 out of the stadium maan. Good luck!

Vijaysethupathy
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Wonderful!

ajithkumaran
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Amazing technology by the team! Good luck!

vankamshalu
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Very nice work!

josephdavila
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Exquisite!

AGADA
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Marvelous!

Thedarkknight
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Fantastic!

dandaanadarna
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Wow wow wow! Mr. Praveen kumar has done a great job!

dakaltimandayan
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FAntasic maan!

Contributors